Both Moldova and Ukraine signed Association Agreements with the EU in 2014. This marked a new stage in the development of the EU’s bilateral relations with both countries, 以政治联合和经济一体化为目标.
Trade and trade-related matters feature heavily in the Association Agreements with both Moldova and Ukraine under Title IV. Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Areas (DCFTAs) between the EU-Moldova and EU-Ukraine were established in June 2014 and January 2016 respectively. They oblige the mutual opening of markets for goods and services.
EUBAM, together with the European Commission and EU Delegations to the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine, has played an active role in ensuring the Customs Services of both countries smoothly implement this new trade regime and adapt their legislation and procedures accordingly. 欧盟边防局边境管理部主任, 科林Gazeley, explains what the DCFTAs are and how EUBAM supports their introduction.
The DCFTAs will see Moldova and Ukraine’s Customs legislation and procedures aligned with the EU’s Union Customs Code. The Mission has assisted Moldova to redraft its Customs Code in line with EU standards, and advised both countries in the Preferential Rules of Origin and “no-drawback” rule in the Origin Protocol of the DCFTAs.
改革海关程序不仅仅是纸面上的工作. It affects economic operators in both countries and ensuring the reforms do not disrupt or inhibit trade is essential for the success of the DCFTAs. 2015年，代表团成立了贸易便利化工作组. 科林Gazeley解释了EUBAM是如何接触商业的.
Promoting business-friendly procedures are at the heart of EUBAM’s support. A major achievement has been Moldova’s bold step in May 2015 to reduce the number of support documents required for customs clearance from around 11 to three. 这降低了企业成本, boosted competitiveness and raises Moldova’s ranking in the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business index. The Mission has been active in both countries to ensure Customs legislation and procedures facilitate trade. 欧盟商会贸易便利化顾问Vladimir Pisar解释道.
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The Mission also partnered Ukraine’s State Fiscal Service in the launch of a Single Window system in August 2016. It is currently advising Moldova to establish a similar system on its territory.敖德萨和乔诺莫尔斯克的港口, 乌克兰四大煤矿中的两个, 在EUBAM的业务范围内, the Mission pays close attention to the day-to-day procedures for trade. 随着2016年欧盟-乌克兰自由贸易协定的启动, EUBAM worked closely with Ukraine’s State Fiscal Service to ensure trade certificates between the EU and Ukraine were issued correctly and on time.
在EUBAM的支持下, Ukraine’s State Fiscal Service elaborated and disseminated instructions to Customs Officers and made explanatory notes available for economic operators. 近48,000欧元.1 certificates were issued and 112 exporters approved to declare origin on export commercial documents in 2016. 根据特派团的建议, the State Fiscal Service has approved exporters to self-certify origin for preferential treatment of Ukrainian goods import into the EU. The Mission also contributed to instructions disseminated to Customs Officers and economic operators on the DCFTA provisions to ensure their coherent and informed application.
The 欧盟驻摩尔多瓦和乌克兰边境援助团 (EUBAM) works in the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine to:
– Promote European Union border management standards and procedures for a quicker crossing of people and goods;
-Enhance the professional capacities of the Moldovan and Ukrainian Customs and Border Authorities;
-Assist Moldovan and Ukrainian authorities in combating cross-border crime more efficiently;
-Act as a catalyst and bring together key stakeholders to strengthen cross-border cooperation between the border authorities and law enforcement agencies;
-Contribute to the peaceful settlement of the Transnistrian conflict.
We are at the border between the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine to:
- Promote European Union border management standards and procedures for a quicker crossing of people and goods;
- Enhance the professional capacities of the Moldovan and Ukrainian Customs and Border Authorities;
- Assist our Moldovan and Ukrainian partners in combating cross-border crime more efficiently;
- Act as a catalyst and bring together key stakeholders to strengthen cross-border cooperation between border authorities and law enforcement agencies;
- Contribute to the peaceful settlement of the Transnistrian conflict.
特派团总部设在敖德萨, 乌克兰和其他国家, 有两个国家办事处(基希讷乌, 摩尔多瓦和敖德萨, 乌克兰)和边境的主要工作地点.
摩尔多瓦和乌克兰的国境线长1222公里, 其中955公里是“绿色”(陆地)边界, 267公里是“蓝色”(河流)边界.
There are over 60 official crossing points on the Moldovan-Ukrainian border, 包括国际, 州际和本地, 其中25个位于中部(德涅斯特河沿岸).
The length of the Administrative Line between the two banks of the Nistru/Dniester is 411 km. 沿线有9个海关哨所, where representatives of the Customs Service of the Republic of Moldova conduct customs control with the support of the Ministry of Internal Affairs representatives. There are also 6 subdivisions of the Bureau for Migration and Refugees, 外国人在哪里可以自愿登记或注销.